FILONOV PAVEL (1883-1941)
Pavel Nikolayevich Filonov was a Russian avant-garde painter, art theorist, and poet.
Filonov was born in Moscow and early orphaned in 1897 he moved to St. Petersburg, where he earned money through embroidery, house painting, restoring buildings and icons, and other tasks such as retouching photographs and making posters and wrappers for goods (a practical apprenticeship he never forgot). From 1908 to 1910, he attended the Academy of Arts, but was expelled in 1910.
During the years 1913 to 1915, Filonov was close to Vladimir Mayakovsky, Velimir Khlebnikov, and other futurists. After the 1917 revolution, Filonov worked to complete the development of his „analytical painting“. The changes in the Russian society brought inspiration to the Futurist artists. Filonov dedicated much of his time and effort to artistic research and creativity, working on his paintings as much as 18 hours a day.
Wikipedia: Zu dieser Zeit entstand in der Russischen Avantgarde eine originelle aber kurzlebige Stilrichtung Kubo-Futurismus basierend auf den westlichen Kunstrichtungen Futurismus aus Italien mit der Begrüßung von Urbanismus „Maschinenzivilisation“ und Kubismus aus Frankreich mit den Anfängen im Pariser „Salon der Unabhängigen“. Dieser Stil ist in der Zeichnung Drei Figuren zu sehen. Aber bei ihm dominiert nicht die Fläche, die Konstruktion beruht auf der Linie. Dadurch wird eine gewisse Dynamik der Komposition erzeugt, die noch durch die Haltung der Figuren unterstützt wird.
In 1919, he exhibited in the First Free Exhibit of Artists of All Trends at theHermitage. In 1923, he became a professor of St. Petersburg Academy of Arts and a member of the Institute for Artistic Culture (INKhUK). He organized a large arts school of Masters of Analytical Realism (over seventy artists). Their work influenced suprematism and expressionism.
He died of starvation on December 3, 1941 during the Nazi Siege of Leningrad (now St. Petersburg). Filonov died of hunger during the siege of Leningrad on December 3rd 1941. His works were saved by his sister Evdokia Glebova and later she gave his paintings and graphic works to the Russian State Museum, which is where nearly all of them can now be found.
His first personal exhibition took place only in 1988, his work was allowed in the Russian Museum. In 1989 and 1990, the first international exhibition of Filonov’s work was held in Paris in Centre Pompidou and Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, more than 50 years after his death.
Pavel Nikolaevich Filonov was one of few defining artists of the XX century and rightfully belongs among such artists as Picasso, Kandinsky, Dali, Klee and others, as a reformer of world art.